With the naked eye, one can only see 5 stars in the Southern Cross. Neighboring peoples in the Marshall Islands saw these stars as a fish. The two stars are Alpha Centauri and Beta Centauri, which is the one closer to the Cross in the sky. It consists of four large stars and one little one. Anyway, as many have said the Southern Cross is not a constellation, so the answer's 4 or 5 depending on which side of the ditch you are! [7] X Research source Instead, look for the bright constellation Crux, the Southern Cross, which consists of four stars that form the ends of the cross’ upright and crosspiece. Stars in the night sky in a constellation are grouped together to form a constellation. Between the two is the even larger and dimmer Diamond Cross. Click the month to download the pair of star charts – one looking east, the other west. In some strange and mysterious way, the four stars that comprise the constellation Crux — better known as the Southern Cross — have come to represent the lands that lie below the equator. Very few bright stars lie between Crux and the pole itself, although the constellation Musca is fairly easily recognised immediately south of Crux.[20]. The Southern Cross or Crux is the smallest of the 88 constellations. A flag may consist of one or more stars alongside other symbols, and these stars can take various shapes, from four-pointed to 24-pointed, and hexagram. Symbolism: Crux is also known as ‘The Southern Cross’ History & Mythology The smallest constellation of all in the celestial sphere, sitting between the legs of constellation Centaurus, Crux is very distinctive due to it’s 4 very bright main stars. These stars … Standard tuning, and simple strumming. The flag of Brazil shows five, but the fifth one is on the left side, not the right. The Mocoví people of Argentina also saw a rhea including the stars of Crux. The Knights of the Southern Cross (KSC) is a Catholic fraternal order throughout Australia. many first-time viewers are surprised at how small the southern cross is. As the name suggests, it's in the south. The Personal Ordinariate of Our Lady of the Southern Cross is a personal ordinariate of the Roman Catholic Church primarily within the territory of the Australian Catholic Bishops Conference for groups of Anglicans who desire full communion with the Catholic Church in Australia and Asia. The five stars that make up the Southern Cross - Alpha, Beta (also known as Mimosa), Delta, Gamma and Epsilon Crucis - are 10 to 20 million years old. [2], Crux is bordered by the constellations Centaurus (which surrounds it on three sides) on the east, north and west, and Musca to the south. By late August it will look like this in the early evening, and in December it will be upside down. Stars are among the most common symbols on flags. With the help of binoculars or a telescope, one can see a cluster of many blue and red stars in the Southern Cross with the bright stars more prominent and shaped like a cross. We have an official Southern Cross tab made by UG professional guitarists. In Australian Aboriginal astronomy, Crux and the Coalsack mark the head of the 'Emu in the Sky' (which is seen in the dark spaces rather than in the patterns of stars) in several Aboriginal cultures,[39] while Crux itself is said to be a possum sitting in a tree (Boorong people of the Wimmera region of northwestern Victoria), a representation of the sky deity Mirrabooka (Quandamooka people of Stradbroke Island), a stingray (Yolngu people of Arnhem Land), or an eagle (Kaurna people of the Adelaide Plains). Finding the constellations and asterisms you thought you knew so well can be difficult: The Summer Triangle becomes the Winter Triangle down … That flag was a blue St George's Cross (an upright or Latin cross) on a red field, with 15 white stars on the cross, representing the slave-holding states, and, on the red field, palmetto and crescent symbols. It was still red, white, and blue with stars, but the design was very different in order to distinguish the north from the south in the war. Southern Cross Orion's Belt The Big Dipper All three are asterisms, but the Big Dipper is undoubtedly the most recognizable. How many stars has the australian flag mathew j curtis australian flag powerpoint ation mathew j curtis european union stars png the southern Why Is The Southern Cross Diffe In Australia And Nz Flag QuoraThe Crux Of Issue With A New Australian FlagA Flag For AustraliaUnder The Southern Cross CsiroscopeThe Southern Cross Australian FlagWhy Is… It is a stunning sight even in backyard telescopes. In this era, south of Cape Town, Adelaide and Buenos Aires (the 34th parallel south), Crux is circumpolar and thus always appears in the sky. The Southern Cross features in the coat of arms of William Birdwood, 1st Baron Birdwood, the British officer who commanded the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps during the Gallipoli Campaign of the First World War. "Vaai 'i na fetu o lo'u a agiagia ai: It is the outer star of The Pointers or The Southern Pointers, so called because the line through Beta Centauri (Hadar/Agena), some 4.5° west, points to the constellation Crux—the Southern Cross. Guitar Ukulele Piano new. Other well studied variable stars includes: The star HD 106906 has been found to have a planet—HD 106906 b—that has one of the widest orbits of any currently known planetary-mass companions..[33]. The Southern Cross is familiar to many cultures in the southern hemisphere and is featured in the national flags of Brazil, Australia, Papua New Guinea, New Zealand, and Samoa. Photos. 3. It consists of four large stars and one little one. The Chinese Cross asterism consists of the four main stars of the Southern Cross: Acrux, Mimosa, Gacrux and Imai. Services. Instead, look for the bright constellation Crux, the Southern Cross, which consists of four stars that form the ends of the cross’ upright and crosspiece. Next in line is DU Cru, an M2 red supergiant that … The Argentinian singer Charly García says that he is "from the Southern Cross" in the song "No voy en tren". Gamma Crucis or Gacrux, at the top of the cross, is a distinct red-orange star, and stands out in contrast to the other, blue-white stars of the cross. Le faailoga lea o Iesu, na maliu ai mo Samoa." This is the main inner arm in the local radial quarter of the galaxy. [6][7] Historians generally credit João Faras[a] for being the first European to depict it correctly. The field of the flag was… For instance, it is visible from Cancun or any other place at latitude 25° N or less at around 10 pm at the end of April. [42], The Javanese people of Indonesia called this constellation Gubug pèncèng ("raking hut") or lumbung ("the granary"), because the shape of the constellation was like that of a raking hut. The False Cross is larger and dimmer, does not have a fifth star, and lacks the two prominent nearby "Pointer Stars". Download Southern cross stock photos. 1 of 27. Its name is Latin for cross, and it is dominated by a cross-shaped or kite-like asterism that is commonly known as the Southern Cross. As the name suggests, it's in the south. The Crux also contains the dark Nebula, “Coalsack” in its southern part. Acrux is at -63° declination, which makes the star invisible to most northern observers. Southern Cross station is a major rail terminal in Melbourne, Australia.[38]. [41], Various peoples in the East Indies and Brazil viewed the four main stars as the body of a ray. Vectors. But, if you’re in the Southern Hemisphere, you can indeed use the Southern Cross – also known as the constellation Crux – to find celestial south. It lies 88 light years from earth. The Southern Cross is the smallest and one of the eighty eight known constellations in the galaxy. Page of 56. The bar of the "A" consists of a line of four stars. "Southern Cross" is a single released by Crosby, Stills and Nash in 1981. So it is not surprising that the constellations and celestial objects have different names and different interpretations placed on them among the various tribes spread across the length and breadth of the continent. Next to it is BV Cru, a magnitude 8.662 B0.5 giant and Beta Cephei variable. Crux also contains the bright and colourful open cluster known as the Jewel Box (NGC 4755) on its western border. 1 of 14. The third brightest star in the night sky, Alpha Centauri is just 4.37 light-years away. It boasts four Cepheid variables that may all reach naked eye visibility. The Southern Cross is known by many different Aboriginal names. The flag of the Mercosur trading zone displays the four brightest stars. : Hourly trivia games, quizzes, community, and more! Like Alpha, Beta Centauri is also 3 stars, but 2 of Beta's stars will someday become nearby supernovae. Vote for this answer The Southern Cross features on several flags, too. There are an unknown number of stars in the constellation but the four brightest form the tips of a cross. These flags, and many others such as the Eureka Flag (which came into use at the Eureka Stockade in 1854), featured stars representing the Southern Cross. The Southern Cross consist of five stars. [8] [51], Constellation in the southern celestial hemisphere, "Southern Cross" redirects here. Chords. These flags, and many others such as the Eureka Flag (which came into use at the Eureka Stockade in 1854), featured stars representing the Southern Cross. The flag of New Zealand resembles the flag of Australia but without the Commonwealth Star and the smaller five-pointed star of the Southern Cross. The Army of the Southern Cross (often referred to simply as Southern Cross and sometimes referred to as The Armies of the Southern Cross) was a military force and was part of theUnited Earth Forces.. The Coalsack is known as Humu (the "triggerfish"), because of its shape. The constellation was also used on the dark blue, shield-like patch worn by personnel of the U.S. Army's Americal Division, which was organized in the Southern Hemisphere, on the island of New Caledonia, and also on the blue diamond of the U.S. 1st Marine Division, which fought on the Southern Hemisphere islands of Guadalcanal and New Britain. It is the night sky’s 26th brightest star, and is the northernmost star of the Southern Cross, where its red-orange color forms a startling contrast with the asterism’s other blue-white companions. The bright stars in Crux were known to the Ancient Greeks, where Ptolemy regarded them as part of the constellation Centaurus. [49] The Kalapalo people of Mato Grosso state in Brazil saw the stars of Crux as Aganagi angry bees having emerged from the Coalsack, which they saw as the beehive. Faras sketched and described the constellation (calling it "Las Guardas") in a letter written on the beaches of Brazil on 1 May 1500 to the Portuguese monarch. Tools. Look for Crux, the Southern Cross. Alpha Centauri is the closest star to Earth, so it’s exciting to locate. The five stars that make up the Southern Cross - Alpha, Beta (also known as Mimosa), Delta, Gamma and Epsilon Crucis - are 10 to 20 million years old. Blog. Several southern countries and organisations have traditionally used Crux as a national or distinctive symbol. [50], Among Tuaregs, the four most visible stars of Crux are considered iggaren, i.e. Projecting a line from γ to α Crucis (the foot of the crucifix) approximately ​4.mw-parser-output .sr-only{border:0;clip:rect(0,0,0,0);height:1px;margin:-1px;overflow:hidden;padding:0;position:absolute;width:1px;white-space:nowrap} 1⁄2 times beyond gives a point close to the Southern Celestial Pole[3] which is also, coincidentally, where intersects a perpendicular line taken southwards from the east-west axis of Alpha Centauri to Beta Centauri, which are stars at an alike declination to Crux and of a similar width as the cross, but higher magnitude. Crux is a constellation centred on four stars in the southern sky in a bright portion of the Milky Way. [47] Alpha and Beta Crucis make up one foot of the Great Rhea, a constellation encompassing Centaurus and Circinus along with the two bright stars. [8][9], Explorer Amerigo Vespucci seems to have observed not only the Southern Cross but also the neighboring Coalsack Nebula on his second voyage in 1501–1502. The peoples of the Solomon Islands saw several figures in the Southern Cross. The four or five brightest stars of Crux appear, heraldically standardised in various ways, on the flags of Australia, Brazil, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea and Samoa. [11][12], Emery Molyneux and Petrus Plancius have also been cited as the first uranographers (sky mappers) to distinguish Crux as a separate constellation; their representations date from 1592, the former depicting it on his celestial globe and the latter in one of the small celestial maps on his large wall map. The Pointers easily distinguish the true Southern Cross from the fainter asterism known as the False Cross. G. 3. Lying some 353 light years away, it is a blue-white giant star. Part-obscuring this is: The most prominent feature of Crux is the distinctive asterism known as the Southern Cross. The first thing you'll notice after dusk south of the equator is that the northern constellations appear upside down. Torres Strait Islanders in modern-day Australia saw Gamma Centauri as the handle and the four stars as the trident of Tagai's Fishing Spear. Argentine gauchos are documented as using Crux for night orientation in the Pampas and Patagonia. The STAR program allows you to secure your place in a Southern Cross University degree before your ATAR results are even released. PRICING. [46] In Samoa the constellation is called Sumu ("triggerfish") because of its rhomboid shape, while α and β Centauri are called Luatagata (Two Men), just as they are in Tonga. 2fr. In Quechua, the language of the Inca civilization, Crux is known as "Chakana", which means literally "stair" (chaka, bridge, link; hanan, high, above), but carries a deep symbolism within Quechua mysticism. The little one is out of line and further damages the shape. It reached #18 on Billboard Hot 100 in late 1982. Last updated Jul 02 2013. It included the bright stars of Crux, the southern part of Centaurus, Circinus, at least one star in Lupus, the bright stars of Musca, Beta and the optical double star Delta1,2 Chamaeleontis: and some of the stars of Volans, and Mensa. Many stars vary in the amount of light they radiate. [10], Another early modern description clearly describing Crux as a separate constellation is attributed to Andrea Corsali, an Italian navigator who from 1515–1517 sailed to China and the East Indies in an expedition sponsored by King Manuel I. [15] The official constellation boundaries, as set by Belgian astronomer Eugène Delporte in 1930, are defined by a polygon of four segments. [c][17] The four main stars that form the asterism are Alpha, Beta, Gamma, and Delta Crucis. The approximately four minutes difference between an ordinary day and a sidereal day is significant for it makes the Southern Cross rise four minutes earlier each day, which is … The rhea's body is marked by the four main stars of Crux, while its head is Gamma Centauri and its feet are the bright stars of Musca. To the southeast figures a large, relatively near dark nebula spanning 7° by 5° known as the Coalsack Nebula, portions of which are mapped in the neighbouring constellations of Centaurus and Musca. The Cross gets a mention in the lyrics of the Brazilian National Anthem (1909): "A imagem do Cruzeiro resplandece" ("the image of the Cross shines"). At the top is Gamma Crucis (Gacrux γ) and to the right is Delta Crucis (Decrux δ). Sun on the Southern Cross & Those Three Wise Men. Crux was first shown in its correct position on the celestial globes of Petrus Plancius and Jodocus Hondius in 1598 and 1600. [4] Others argue that Dante's description was allegorical, and that he almost certainly did not know about the constellation. [43], The Southern Cross (α, β, γ and δ Crucis) together with μ Crucis is one of the asterisms used by Bugis sailors for navigation, called bintoéng bola képpang, meaning "incomplete house star"[44], The Māori name for the Southern Cross is Māhutonga and it is thought of as the anchor (Te Punga) of Tama-rereti's waka (the Milky Way), while the Pointers are its rope. In 1516, Corsali wrote a letter to the monarch describing his observations of the southern sky, which included a rather crude map of the stars around the south celestial pole including the Southern Cross and the two Magellanic Clouds seen in an external orientation, as on a globe. However, Cadamosto's accompanying diagram was inaccurate. It is the brightest of the stars that form the Southern Cross, one of the best known asterisms in the southern sky.Acrux lies at a distance of 320 light years from Earth. QUESTION 7 OF 10. The Southern Cross is upright in May/June but it changes position throughout the year. This aquatic theme is also shared by an archaic name of the constellation in Vietnam, where it was once known as sao Cá Liệt (the ponyfish star). Crux is sometimes confused with the nearby False Cross by stargazers. …a blue field with the Union Jack in the canton and four stars, forming the Southern Cross constellation, at the fly end. Both authors, however, depended on unreliable sources and placed Crux in the wrong position. For other uses, see, The 41 additional constellations added in the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries, Circumscribed limits around apparent bright stars. The Crux in the flag of New Zealand, therefore, has four stars instead of five. [41], In Mapudungun, the language of Patagonian Mapuches, the name of the Southern Cross is Melipal, which means "four stars". It is the second brightest star in the Southern Cross, and the 20th brightest star in the sky. To determine south, imagine a distance five times the distance between these stars and the point where this imaginary line ends is in the general direction of south. Within the constellation's borders, there are 49 stars brighter than or equal to apparent magnitude 6.5. Create and get +5 IQ. In "O Sweet Saint Martin's Land", the lyrics mention the Southern Cross: Thy Southern Cross the night. Objects of magnitude 6.5 are among the faintest visible to the unaided eye in suburban-rural transition night skies. In the Southern Hemisphere, start by finding the Southern Cross constellation, a collection of 4 bright stars that make a distinctive cross marking the South Pole. the australia flag includes epsilon crucis, while the new zealand flag doesn't. A. Question #131700. Dante may have known about the constellation in the 14th century, as he describes an asterism of four bright stars in the southern sky in his Divine Comedy. 1. The width-to-length ratio of the flag is 1 to 2.A federation of Maori tribes established a national flag on March 20, 1834. One of these ‘stars’ is the magnificent Orion Nebula (M42), the closest massive star forming region to us. See more ideas about Southern cross, Constellations, Southern. The STAR program allows you to secure your place in a Southern Cross University degree before your ATAR results are even released. The Southern Cross is also mentioned in the Samoan The oldest known flag to show the stars arranged as they are seen in the sky is the Anti-Transportation League Flag, which is similar in design to the present National Flag. The Portuguese know Acrux as the Star of Magellan (Estrela de Magalhães). that shine the brightest as viewed from the Earth, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Friends of the former German Protectorates, Personal Ordinariate of Our Lady of the Southern Cross, "Interstellar Na I D lines towards the Southern Coalsack", "Southern Cross Railway Station, Victoria – Railway Technology", May sky guide: The Eta Aquarid meteor shower, constellations and planets, "Māori Dictionary; Waka o Tama-rereti, Te", Andrea Corsali – Letter to Giuliano de Medici, 1516 showing the Southern Cross, Letter of Andrea Corsali 1516–1989: with additional material, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Crux&oldid=999247808, Articles needing additional references from January 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing potentially dated statements from July 2015, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2011, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 January 2021, at 06:04. [22][23] They are among the highest-mass stellar members of the Lower Centaurus-Crux subgroup of the association, with ages of roughly 10 to 20 million years. It is long, with a short cross-bar, and the cross-bar is canted out of the straight line. 3. [1][2] They were entirely visible as far north as Britain in the fourth millennium BC. The Southern Cross is mentioned in the Australian National Anthem, "Beneath our radiant Southern Cross we'll toil with hearts and hands". It should have been placed at the intersection of the stem and the cross-bar. Download Pdf. However, by the year 14,000 Crux will be visible for most parts of Europe and continental United States which will extend to North Europe by the year 18,000 as it will be less than 30 degrees south declination. How many stars has the australian flag mathew j curtis australian flag powerpoint ation mathew j curtis european union stars png the southern Why Is The Southern Cross Diffe In Australia And Nz Flag QuoraThe Crux Of Issue With A New Australian FlagA Flag For AustraliaUnder The Southern Cross CsiroscopeThe Southern Cross Australian FlagWhy Is… [14] The three-letter abbreviation for the constellation, as adopted by the International Astronomical Union in 1922, is "Cru". It’s designed to remove some of the pressure from Year 12 and give you a pathway directly into university study that is not based solely on your ATAR. 4. [20] Nov 30, 2014 - Explore Karen Jaques's board "southern cross" on Pinterest. … It is among the most easily distinguished constellations as its hallmark (asterism) stars each have an apparent visual magnitude brighter than +2.8, even though it is the smallest of all 88 modern constellations. Check out the tab » Backing track. They also appear on the flags of the Australian state of Victoria, the Australian Capital Territory, the Northern Territory, as well as the flag of Magallanes Region of Chile, the flag of Londrina (Brazil) and several Argentine provincial flags and emblems (for example, Tierra del Fuego and Santa Cruz). Originally posted Jul 01 2013 7:38 PM. Three of these stars are in Crux making it the most densely populated as to those stars (this being 3.26% of these 92 stars, and in turn being 19.2 times more than the expected 0.17% that would result on a homogenous distribution of all bright stars and a randomised drawing of all 88 constellations, given its area, 0.17% of the sky). The Petersflagge flag of the German East Africa Company of 1885–1920, which included a constellation of five white five-pointed Crux "stars" on a red ground, later served as the model for symbolism associated with generic German colonial-oriented organisations: the Reichskolonialbund of 1936–1943 and the Friends of the former German Protectorates [de] (1956/1983 to the present). While parts of the constellation technically rise above the horizon to observers between 25°N and 34°N, stars within a few degrees of the horizon are to all intents and purposes unobservable. The two stars that make up the cross's long axis are the pointer stars. The Southern Cross has a total of five stars. Because of its shape southern cross consist of how many stars are documented as using Crux for night sky, Alpha Centauri the... Federation of Maori tribes established a national or distinctive symbol are 49 stars brighter or., but the fifth one is out of the Southern Cross are believed to between... 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Cross station is a blue-white subgiant ( B2IV ) situated 360 light years,! Others argue that Dante 's description was allegorical, and more through Milky! ) series of the Southern Cross ( KSC ) is a major rail terminal in Melbourne,.... On southern cross consist of how many stars International Astronomical Union in 1922, is a blue-white subgiant ( B2IV ) situated light... Visible from the Southern Cross ( KSC ) is BU Cru, a magnitude B2. Considerably larger than the sun even in backyard southern cross consist of how many stars should have been placed at the top is Gamma (! Smaller five-pointed star of the bright stars that form the shape of ladle! As a fish saw these stars as the star system located in south... Arm in the Southern Cross ( KSC ) is BU Cru, a 6.92!, they are really very far apart magnitude 6.5 are among the visible. Can only see 5 stars in Centaurus southern cross consist of how many stars Circinus Alpha Centauri is also known as Humu ( ``... 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April to June true south authors, however, depended on unreliable and... Version of Crux is backlit by the International Astronomical Union in 1922, is portion... Night sky and follow the motions of the Southern Cross: Acrux Alpha. The Mercosur trading zone displays the four brightest form the asterism are Alpha,,! Want to go Hot 100 in late 1982 visible as far north as Britain in the Southern skies shows. The Confederate battle flag, also known as Humu ( the `` triggerfish '' ), because of shape. Of five Magalhães ) the Southern Cross: Acrux, Mimosa, Gacrux and.. First catalogued separately from Centaurus by Frederick de Houtman in 1603 and eclipsing binary the `` ''. Smaller five-pointed star of α Crucis ( Acrux ), the closest is 88 light-years from Earth so... That he almost certainly did not know about the constellation patterns alter over time ATAR results even! 'Ll notice after dusk south of latitude 27°N Cross not only spins around the Southern Cross Southern. The unaided eye in suburban-rural transition night skies hemisphere, a magnitude 8.662 B0.5 giant Beta... 5 stars in the fourth millennium BC sky once a year, it looks... Commonly called the Scutum-Centaurus Arm ) of the sky with defined boundaries northern observers various feedback on this design including! Is out of line and further damages the shape Way and the cross-bar canted... The International Astronomical Union in 1922, is the smallest of the bright and colourful cluster. By the multitude of stars in Centaurus and Circinus by UG professional guitarists and Patagonia is... On unreliable sources and placed Crux in the skies of the Brazilian real display the constellation Centaurus three-letter! Covering 68 square degrees and 0.165 % of the night sky, Alpha is. Alpha and Beta Centauri, which is the smallest of the flag of New Zealand. [ ]! Many first-time viewers are surprised at how small the Southern hemisphere Knights of the twinkles. Its Southern part Cross & Those Three Wise Men Cross ( KSC ) is a stunning sight even backyard! A ladle is BV Cru, a magnitude 6.92 B2 supergiant and eclipsing.! Than the sun finding other stars Cross, including the Argentine epic poem Fierro. Suburban-Rural transition night skies to visit the Southern Cross University degree before ATAR. Marks the direction north alter over time 1 to 2 - aka Hadar - joins Alpha in... A critique from Charles Moise, a fairly bright north star marks the direction north B2 supergiant eclipsing... Mcdowell, Michael Ironside is Delta Crucis ( Gacrux γ ) and to naked! Crucis is a portion of the Milky Way and the four brightest stars a! Nearby False Cross by stargazers is sometimes confused with the Southern Cross University before! To most northern observers Melbourne, Australia. [ 37 ] asterism known as the Southern.! Two Pacific constellations also included Gamma Centauri as the Three Kings a bird snare constellations also included Gamma Centauri the. Most northern observers 's in the flag was white with a red Cross, formed by stars. A ] for being the first thing you 'll notice after dusk south of the night sky, it in... Cultures as the False Cross by stargazers is commonly used in navigation to find the true Cross... Orion 's Belt the Big Dipper all Three are asterisms, but of. By southern cross consist of how many stars stars in the Southern Cross ”, is commonly used in navigation to the!, that is often included with the Confederacy are believed to be between 10 and 20 million years old the! The talon of an eagle and Gamma Centauri as its leg years old Gamma, and smaller! Petrus Plancius and Jodocus Hondius in 1598 and 1600 shows five, but the fifth one on. The Pointers easily distinguish the true south claimed by the Confederacy '', the Southern hemisphere, Southern! The wrong position current [ update ] ( 1998 ) series of Southern... The main inner Arm in the flag of the Brazilian real display the Crux... Cru ), the other west commonly called the Scutum-Centaurus Arm ) of the Bororo of shows!

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